Augustine, Saint


Augustine, Saint
(354-30)
   Born in Tagaste to a pagan Roman official and Christian mother, Augustine was brought up a Christian. In 370, he went to Carthage to study rhetoric and law. He eventually abandoned law and Christianity all together, took a mistress with whom he lived for 15 years, and had a son with her in 372. During this time, he became keenly interested in philosophy and, after teaching at Tagaste and Carthage for the next decade, he moved first to Rome, where he opened a school of rhetoric, and then Milan where he heard the sermons of Bishop Ambrose. Influenced by the man's preachings, Augustine returned to his Christian faith and was baptized in 387. After losing his son, he devoted himself to monasticism and preaching. In 395, he was appointed coadjutor to Bishop Valerius of Hippo and in the following year he succeeded him as bishop. He died at Hippo during a siege.
   Augustine was a prolific writer. He left about 200 treatises, 300 letters, and 400 sermons that have had a major impact in theology and philosophy. His thinking dominated Western Christian thought for centuries, which has earned him placement among the Doctors of the Church. Not only is St. Augustine often included in paintings — for example, in Fra Filippo Lippi's Barbadori Altarpiece (beg. 1437, Paris, Louvre) and El Greco's Burial of Count Orgáz (1586; Toledo, Church of Santo Tomé)—but his writings also affected the iconography of decorative programs. Michelangelo's Sistine ceiling in the Sistine Chapel, Rome (1508-1512), for instance, has been interpreted at times as a work that reflects the saint's exegesis.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • Augustine, Saint — ▪ Christian bishop and theologian Introduction also called  Saint Augustine of Hippo,  original Latin name  Aurelius Augustinus   born Nov. 13, 354, Tagaste, Numidia [now Souk Ahras, Algeria] died Aug. 28, 430, Hippo Regius [now Annaba, Algeria]… …   Universalium

  • Augustine,Saint — I. Au·gus·tine1 (ôʹgə stēn , ô gŭsʹtĭn), Saint. A.D. 354 430. Early Christian church father and philosopher who served (396 430) as the bishop of Hippo (in present day Algeria). Through such writings as the autobiographical Confessions (397) and… …   Universalium

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  • Augustine of Hippo — This article is about the theologian and philosopher, Augustine of Hippo. For his theodicy regarding the problem of evil, see Augustinian theodicy. Augustine , Saint Augustine , and Augustinus redirect here. For other uses, see Augustine… …   Wikipedia

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  • Saint — 1347 80, Italian ascetic and mystic. died A.D. 731, pope 715 731. died A.D. 741, pope 731 741. died A.D. 352, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 337 352. died A.D. 683, Sicilian ecclesiastic: pope 682 683. died A.D. 855, Italian ecclesiastic: pope 847… …   Universalium

  • saint — saintless, adj. /saynt/, n. 1. any of certain persons of exceptional holiness of life, formally recognized as such by the Christian Church, esp. by canonization. 2. a person of great holiness, virtue, or benevolence. 3. a founder, sponsor, or… …   Universalium

  • Saint Augustine — City (pop., 2000: 11,592), northeastern Florida, U.S. It is the oldest continuously settled U.S. city. In 1513 Juan Ponce de León landed there in search of the Fountain of Youth and claimed the territory for Spain. It became part of the U.S. in… …   Universalium

  • Augustine of Hippo — noun (Roman Catholic Church) one of the great Fathers of the early Christian church; after a dramatic conversion to Christianity he became bishop of Hippo Regius in North Africa; St. Augustine emphasized man s need for grace (354 430) • Syn:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Augustine — Gerard O’Daly 1 LIFE AND PHILOSOPHICAL READINGS Augustine was born in Thagaste (modern Souk Ahras in Algeria) in Roman North Africa in AD 354. He died as bishop of Hippo (now Annaba, Algeria) in 430. His education followed the standard Roman… …   History of philosophy


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